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中药材种植如何获得更高利润?未来几年前景如何?

2017-7-3 11:09| 发布者: 中药材| 查看: 1809| 评论: 44

摘要: 种植中药材要想获得更高的利润,万不可跟风种植,而是要进行系统的市场调查。按照市场供求影响价格因素来分析,最好种植一些市场紧缺,销量好不会积压的药材品种。在确定了种植品种的情况下,那么我们首先要了解他的 ...

种植中药材要想获得更高的利润,万不可跟风种植,而是要进行系统的市场调查。按照市场供求影响价格因素来分析,最好种植一些市场紧缺,销量好不会积压的药材品种。

在确定了种植品种的情况下,那么我们首先要了解他的生长环境和生长规律,掌握种植技术后再进行大面积扩种,千万不可盲目种植。

1、因地制宜

另外在种植过程有很多药材对气候、土质要求比较严格,俗话说的好“橘生淮南为橘,生于淮北为枳”所以我们在选择种植品种时一定要因地制宜,种适合的品种不能盲目的选择药材价格昂贵的品种

2、抓住市场

养的好不如卖的好,这就说明我们应该对市场进行调查,要抓住信息,掌握最佳销售时机,根据自身情况与当地采购商进行协调、洽商。保证药材的销售渠道畅通,不会积压过多的药材。

3、全面考虑问题

最后我们应该掌握药材的周期性种植,药材与其他的农产品类似,库存少了价格就高,价格高就会促进种植面积的增加,最终导致价格又会下降,所以药农们要善于分析,掌握其周期性,抓浪头敢高峰才能取得更好的效益。


想从中药材种植菜鸟成为高手,就要勤奋一点,结合以上要点种植。当然在药材的种植中当然还有很多的知识等着我们再发现、探索,这就需要我们在实践中总结真理。


中药材种植业未来几年前景如何?



近年来,我国的中药材种植面积逐渐增大,种植者大多是农民和有合作社的个人,如何提高种植效率,让种植者获得更多的利益。应该从植物栽培学方面仔细把握药材植物种植特点,品种,水肥,气象地理,市场预测,用工及管理等。

1、资源和需求量决定种植效益。中药材市场、制药、出口等成大幅上升事态,几十个中药材品种需求量以万吨计算,我国第三季度中药材出口21万吨,比去年同期增30%左右。随着野生资源的消耗,市场对中药材的需求越来越大。

2、 粮棉油价格升高,生产资料涨价,势必带来中药材合理回价,其他经济种植业,如绿化苗木更是一路顺风,这已经给药农带来了喜悦和效益。

3、种植中,人工费用高,以今年新疆红花采摘为例,每个早晨每个工人只能采一公斤左右,工时费比往年高出几倍,花钱雇工使药农苦不堪言。雇工难,价格高,提高了中药材的种植陈成本。

4、环保绿色观念日益增强,中药治病治本推动了中药材产业商机,大步走向世界。前不久超级细菌的抗药性和耐药性又一次旁击了中药界。

5、预防和保健意识,历年来防非典禽流感的防控战役中,中药在预防和治疗等方面确实起到了举足轻重的作用,中药材白芨、枸杞、板蓝根、保健茶等,饮片正逐步走向百姓生活,各种中药新产品不断研制成功,为百姓防病治病屡见奇效,使得中药产业闪烁不少的新亮点。

6、 中药材种子秧苗生产的断档确实,直接影响中药材种植的生产效益,许多有胆识有实力的药农看得准、管得好、投资快、抢占了药材种植这块高效益的阵地,近年来高药价导致中药生产断档,甚至有的药材种绝种绝苗,使种子价格拉升几倍,波动异常,种子生产和提纯、扶壮费工收益低,许多生产者选择了放弃。

(小编认为,全草类和根茎类药材开花结果对药材产量和质量是有严重影响的,为了提高产量和品质追逐高价效益,将花蕾摘除,使种子生产大范围短缺,如高效,易种,易管的板蓝根连续几年的高效益,种植量大幅攀升各种品色的种子大部分用去,由于顾眼前药材生产使的种子生产处于停顿,几乎全国很难找到新种子,白芨、桔梗也是如此。)

7、其他方面,水灾、冻害、病虫害、严重的冲击着中药材种植业,但局部性较大偶发性强,往往使药农血本无归苦不堪言。近几年,药材种植机械化,播种、收割、喷药、施肥等现在化程度迅速提高,给药农带来了许多福音,尤其是种植大户,有些地区国家还提出政策来专项扶持药农种植。

8、乐观看市场,对于低成本的药材药农销售,用囤积冷藏的办法压下不出手,多年来运营商和药农积累了不少规律。另外国家鼓励社会资金参与农产品流动,为此我们可以说药农亏本,药材烂事的现象难以再现了。


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