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红芪

2019-3-14 15:25| 发布者: admin| 查看: 4651| 评论: 48

摘要: 【功能主治】补气固表,利尿托毒,排脓,敛疮生肌。用于气虚乏力,食少便溏,中气下陷,久泻脱肛,便血崩漏,表虚自汗,气虚水肿,痈疽难溃,血虚萎黄,内热消渴,慢性肾炎蛋白尿,糖尿病。

【来源】该品为豆科植物多序岩黄芪Hedysarum polybotrys Hand.-Mazz.的干燥根。因其皮色红润,故称红芪。自古与黄芪通用,但其原植物与黄芪同科不同属。中国名医陶弘景就说 :" 黄芪第一出陇百沈阳,色黄白,甜美,今亦难得。次用黑水宕昌者,色白肌理粗,甘而温补。色赤者可作膏贴,用消痛肿 "。前者系指甘肃省野生黄芪,后者所指即产于甘肃省宕昌武都等地的野生红芪。

秋季挖根,堆起发热,以使糖化,然后去掉茎基须根,晒至柔软,手搓再晒,直至全干。
【制法】除去杂质,大小分开,洗净,润透,切厚片,干燥。
【性状】该品呈圆柱形,少有分枝,上端略粗,长10~50cm,直径0.6~2cm。表面灰红棕色,有纵皱纹、横长皮孔及少数支根痕,外皮易脱落,剥落处淡黄色。质硬而韧,不易折断,断面纤维性,并显粉性,皮部黄白色,木部淡黄棕色,射线放射状,形成层环浅棕色。气微,味微甜,嚼之有豆腥味。
【性味归经】甘,温。归肺、脾经。
【功能主治】补气固表,利尿托毒,排脓,敛疮生肌。用于气虚乏力,食少便溏,中气下陷,久泻脱肛,便血崩漏,表虚自汗,气虚水肿,痈疽难溃,血虚萎黄,内热消渴,慢性肾炎蛋白尿,糖尿病。
【用法用量】 9~30g。
【贮藏】置通风干燥处,防潮,防蛀。
【备注】(1)同属植物中下列4种植物的根在不同地区有代红芪入药者:紫花岩黄芪Hedysarum austrosibiricum B. Fedtsch;川西岩黄芪Hedysarum limprichtii Ulbr.;太白岩黄芪Hedysarum viciodes Turcz. var taipeicum (Hand.-Mazz.) Liu;锡金岩黄芪Hedysarum sikkimense Benth.。
【摘录】《中国药典》

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